Blessings, Kisses and Battle Hymn Speed Serb and Montenegrin Patriots on Way to War




Father Pashkovsky of Russian Church Heads Procession With Cross of Gold.



Their brass band did not play "Onward, Christian Soldiers," when the Servians and Montenegrins left San Francisco yesterday for the war in the Balkans, but the young Slavs went forth Christian soldiers marching as to war with the benediction of two priests to speed them on their tour of 10,000 miles to fight for the freedom of their people, now under the heel of Turkey and Moslemism.

Priest Leads With Cross

Father Pashkovsky of the Russian church, in a deep blue velvet cassock, marched at the head of the Serbs from their hall in Golden Gate avenue near Laguna street to the ferry. He bore a heavy golden cross and with the sacred symbol blessed the patriots.

At the hall those of the Roman Catholic faith were blessed by their pastor, Father Turk, of the Servian Catholic church.

Laughter, Kisses and Tears

There was much of the music of war and the shouting of the forming legions, but there were also kisses and tears as the young Serbs bade farewell to their mothers, wives and sweethearts. The faces of the girls were bright with savor of military adventure, but the elderly women had tears for the youths who were marching away.

Many of these women knew the savagery of the Turk, they had seen his fury in the days when they dwelt in the austere black mountains near the frontier of the Ottoman empire, in the path of the maurading Moslem, and they knew that war could mean death as well as glory — that many of the youths who blithely left Market street yesterday would not return from the battle field.

Battle Hymn Paces Patriots

So they wept while their bright-faced daughters pinned flowers on the coats of the warriors and kissed them as sisters should and sweethearts might.

The march down Market Street was made with the band playing the Servian battle hymn, "Rado Ide," which name may be rendered into English as "Willingly He Goes." Two hundred and fifty Servians went willingly yesterday.

At the head of the column were carried four flags. Two of them were American flags, one was the red, white and blue emblem of the Servian kingdom, with its royal arms on the tricolored field, and the other was the square Montenegrin flag, a red field, bordered by white, and bearing the war eagle of the fighting people of the black mountain country. The tops of the staffs bore knots of flowers and the scene in Market street was vivid with the color of the banners flying in the sunlight, the richness of the priest's cassock and the picturesqueness of the native Montenegrin uniform worn by Ilya Vujanovich, one of the volunteers.

Speeding the Warriors

For several blocks behind the group of patriots marched their countrymen and country women, each bearing two flags, an American banner and the tricolor of Servia.

There were many women in line — pretty Dalmatian girls, strong Servian women, with their arms filled with flowers to toss at the departing warriors.

In the line were Cedo Pavich, editor of the Servian Herald, who left his classes at the University of California to enlist in his country's war, Bozo Gopcevich, Milo Martinovich, first cousin to King Nikola of Montenegro and uncle of the Montenegrin minister of war; Bozo Lazarevich and R. Vukich, who sold their business to go to war; George Cvetkovich, who left his cafe and billiard parlors to fight against the Turks; Spaso Milanovich, George Revarsky, Milorad Ajdukovich and more than 200 others.

Peter Gopcevich was marshal of the parade and his aides were Vladimir Popovich, John Sherovich, Milan Stanisich, Adam Vercevich and E. T. Balich, president of the Servian National Defense League of San Francisco.

Veteran Leads Line

Among others prominent in the line of march was Stephen N. Mitrovich, a leader in the local Montenegrin colony, who will depart in a few days for the front, joining his comrades in New York. He is a veteran of the Montenegrin army, having fought in 1877 against the Turks. In addition to their banners, the Servians bore a standard on which was the declaration, "Servians going to the front for justice and liberty."

The start was made from the Servian-Montenegrin club, Golden Gate avenue near Laguna street, at 2:30 o'clock. The line of the parade, in which more than a thousand marched, was along Golden Gate to Van Ness avenue, in Van Ness to Market street and down Market to the ferry, where the 250 volunteers embarked on the 4:20 boat for the Oakland mole, where a special train was waiting to take them to New York.

Furnishing Sinews of War

The volunteers are being sent to the front by the Servian National Defense League, which furnishes the sinews of war. The fund is popular, and so far nearly $20,000 has been either paid in or subscribed. The various Slavonian societies have given sums ranging from $1,000 to $5,000, and individuals have come forward with cash in sums from $10 to $500. The Crocker National Bank has charge of the fund, and will receive subscriptions.

The following societies have subscribed: Servian and Montenegrin society, $5,000; Servian Ladies' society, $1,000; Servian national fund, $1,000; Servian Benevolent society "Zeta," $1,000.

Turkish Atrocities

Richard de Fontana, Greek consul at San Francisco, received yesterday the following telegram from the Greek embassy at Washington:

"Turkish army, together with Bazi bazouks, continues work of destruction. Burnt villages of Syriana, Zizana, Lyssana, Meohori, Rapsifta and Stazraka, situated in the district of Yannina. Many assassinations by Turks of peaceful men and harmless women and children among them the bishop of Papayannis in Yannina.


"Charge d'Affaires."


Greeks Go to Battlefields

[Special Dispatch to The Call]

PETALUMA, Oct. 30.— Four Greek business men of Petaluma left here today for their native land, where they will take their place in the Greek army, fighting against Turkey. The party consisted of E. Eliopaules, J. Metropolis, C. Eliopaules and L. Apostale. They were given a reception and banquet by Petaluma citizens and escorted to the depot by their friends.





[Special Cable to The Call]

SOFIA, Oct. 30.— The Russian aviator, Popoff, was brought down by the Turks while reconnoitering over Adrianople in behalf of the Bulgarians. Many rifle shots had been fired at him in vain, but cannon which is supposed to have fired shrapnel was more successful. The aeroplane was seen to fall suddenly, and it disappeared in the Turkish lines.


Warships to Save Christians' Lives


PARIS, Oct. 3.— Official advices from various parts of the Ottoman empire give  evidence of the extreme anxiety of the foreign communities over the possibility of anti-Christian outbreaks in the event of further reverses to the Turkish troops. The French government has been urgently requested to station warships along the coasts in readiness to take off refugees.

The government will dispatch tomorrow additional ships to Beirut.

France and Great Britain are acting together in this matter, Great Britain sending ships to Saloniki, where the Turks have been landing troops from Asia Minor.


San Francisco Morning Call, Thursday, October 31, 1912, pp. 1, 2



Father Pashkovsky of the Russian church, who, holding aloft a golden cross, led the procession of Servian and Montenegrin patriots on their way to war, through this city's streets yesterday. Above him is Peter Vaich, one of those who left for the front, saying goodby to girl friends.